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By Mohan Babu

Quiz on astronomers and physicists

Questions:

1) The first question should be simpler. What was Einstein's specific contribution to science that won him the 1921 Nobel prize?

2) This one should be a sitter for most amateur astronomers. Who is considered the father of modern observational astronomy?

3) What is the name of Newton's wife? We may ask personal details about the great scientists too.

4) Who was the first person to propose that the stars have abundant Hydrogen?

​5)  Why did Charles Messier make a list of diffuse objects in night sky that is now known as Messier objects?

6) Give the exact year when Edwin Hubble was awarded the Nobel prize.

7) We all love the rings of Saturn. Don't we? Now tell me, who is the first person to observe the rings of Saturn?

8) I have a soft corner for the minor planet Pluto that was once classified as the ninth planet. Who discovered Pluto?

9) Please tell us the year that a man walked on the Moon's surface for the first time.

​10) Who proposed the big bang theory?


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Answers

1) Oops, it is not theory of relativity. It was his discovery of the law of photoelectric effect that won him the 1921 Nobel prize.

2) Galileo Galilei is considered as the father of modern observational astronomy. He was the first to spot the moons of Jupiter.

3) It is believed that Newton stayed single throughout his life.

​4) Cecilia Helena Payne-Gaposchkin. We wish the world had recognized her achievements a bit more.

5) Charles Messier had a passion for comets and he did not want to mistake the diffuse nebulae as comets. So he made a list of diffuse objects in night sky such as nebulae, star clusters and galaxy so as to not waste time on these!

6) Hubble was never awarded a Nobel prize though he was a very deserving candidate. Sadly, the contributions to astronomy was not considered for Nobel prize during his life time.

7) Christiaan Huygens, a Dutch scientist, was the first person to spot the rings of Saturn in 1655. A few decades earlier, Galileo was looking at Saturn with his telescope but he could not see the rings clearly with his telescope. 

8) An American astronomer by name Clyde Tombaugh discovered Pluto. He also had a huge interest in UFO.

9) Armstrong and Aldrin were the first to walk on Moon on 1969. I was not even born then.

10) Big bang theory was proposed by Georges Lemaitre, a Dutch astronomer and a priest.

You would find questions related to astronomers and scientists in this section. Most of the scientists mentioned here have contributed not just to astronomy and space science but also to physics. Most of them were invariably good at mathematics, a prerequisite for becoming a good physicist. The questions would revolve around their contributions to the field of science, their notable achievements and even their personal life.

Quiz on astronomers